Ever since the induction of the Mirage aircraft into the PAF
in 1967, 9 Squadron had been conducting operational
conversion courses on them. After the induction of F-16
aircraft into the PAF, 9 Squadron was reequipped with F-16s
and its role was changed from an OCU to a Multi Role
Squadron. In order to fill the gap thus created, 22 Squadron
was raised in 1985 to take over the role of operational
conversion of pilots on Mirage aircraft.
The Mirage Operational Conversion Course consists of
forty-six sorties that are equivalent to about forty hours
of flying, per student. The duration of the course has
varied from four to eleven months, depending upon the
availability of dual-seat aircraft and other commitments of
the squadron. However, with the increase in the number of
dual-seat aircraft in the squadron, the course duration was
reduced to four to five months only. The Operational
Conversion Course begins with a comprehensive ATT spread
over a period of one month, followed by the flying phase.
Apart from the typical syllabus of an Operational Conversion
Course, the squadron lays special emphasis on air-to-ground
attack, including bombing, followed by level as well as pop
up strikes. From 1988 to 1998, the squadron was able to
conduct sixteen operational conversion courses, graduating
158 fighter pilots.
During the last eleven years, the squadron participated in
numerous operational exercises. Some of them were conducted
in coordination with the Pakistan Navy. The squadron
participated in the Armament Competition and Fire Power
Demonstration in 1989, as well as High Mark-89 and 93.
Besides, the squadron flew in exercise Inspired Alert in
1994, 1995 and 1997. During this series of exercises, the
squadron's pilots flew DACT missions against the F-18
aircraft of the US Navy. In 1998, the squadron's pilots were
detailed to ferry ex-French Mirage aircraft from France to
In January 1993, the squadron was equipped with
ex-Australian Mirages, and its own aircraft were handed over
to 7 TA Squadron. In the same year, the ACES team awarded an
'A+' grade to the squadron in armament loading exercises.
Despite being a training unit, the squadron has an
impressive flight safety record.